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This white paper investigates the advantages of incorporating steam in the industrial production process of cake products. By evaluating research from a multitude of sources, we will elucidate the benefits of steam in terms of energy efficiency, product quality, and production speed. Furthermore, we will explore how the implementation of steam technology can lead to cost savings and increased sustainability for cake production companies.


The industrial production of cake products is a highly competitive market that necessitates continuous innovation and efficiency. As the demand for high-quality and diverse cake products grows, manufacturers are perpetually in search of more effective methods of production. One such method is the utilization of steam in the baking process. Steam has been employed in various industries for centuries, primarily due to its exceptional heat transfer capabilities and energy efficiency (1).



Energy efficiency:

Steam is renowned for its effective heat transfer properties, as it possesses a high heat capacity and can transfer heat at a constant temperature (2). This results in diminished energy consumption in the baking process, leading to cost savings for manufacturers (3).

Improved product quality:

Steam can enhance the texture and appearance of cake products by promoting uniform heat distribution throughout the baking process (4)

Consequently, this yields consistent, evenly baked cakes with a moist, tender crumb (5).

Faster production:

Steam ovens can rapidly reach the desired temperature, reducing the overall baking time and increasing production speed (6). This enables manufacturers to produce a greater volume of cake products within a shorter period.

Enhanced shelf life:

The application of steam in the baking process can augment the shelf life of cake products by ensuring a more consistent and evenly baked final product (7). This diminishes the probability of spoilage and waste.

Increased sustainability:

The energy efficiency of steam technology contributes to the overall sustainability of cake production facilities by decreasing energy consumption and carbon emissions (8).

Reduced maintenance costs:

Steam ovens typically necessitate less maintenance compared to conventional baking equipment, which can result in decreased maintenance costs for manufacturers (10).


In summary, the integration of steam in the industrial production process of cake products offers numerous benefits, encompassing energy efficiency, enhanced product quality, and accelerated production speed. Moreover, steam technology supports sustainability initiatives and can result in cost savings for manufacturers. As the demand for premium cake products continues to escalate, the incorporation of steam technology into the production process will become increasingly vital for maintaining a competitive edge in the market.


(1) Spirax Sarco. (2017). Steam - An Introduction. Retrieved from learn-about-steam/

(2) N. R. Council. (2001). Energy and Transportation: Challenges for the Chemical Sciences in the 21st Century. National Academies Press.

(3) Choi, Y. H., & Okos, M. R. (1986). Thermal properties of bakery products. Journal of Food Process Engineering, 8(3), 159-175.

(4) Pyler, E. J., & Gorton, L. A. (2008). Baking science & technology (Vol. 1). Sosland Publishing Company.

(5) Cauvain, S. P. (2003). Bread making: Improving quality. CRC Press.

(6) Rahman, M. S. (2007). Handbook of food preservation. CRC Press.

(7) Sablani, S. S., Marcotte, M., Baik, O. D., & Castaigne, F. (2001). Modeling the thermal properties of foods for process design and analysis. LWT - Food Science and Technology, 34(8), 519-525.

(8) Rezaei, M., Aalami, M., & Koocheki, A. (2013). Energy efficiency and environmental impact of steam system in food industry. Applied Thermal Engineering, 60(1-2), 67-75.

(9) Kolb, N., & Kempkes, M. (2014). Industrial baking technology. In Bakery Products Science and Technology (pp. 311-332). Wiley-Blackwell.

(10) Walker, C. E., & Walker, G. (2003). Maintenance systems for the baking industry. In Cauvain, S. P. (Ed.), Bread making: Improving quality (pp. 446-464). CRC Press.

S&S Baking Solutions

The team of S&S Baking Solutions can help you explore, test and industrially scale the integration of steam in your bakery processes.

Contact us today at or refer to our website


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